Posts Tagged ‘Computer Crime’

“Sexting” – Humiliating? How About Criminal?

Thursday, March 12th, 2009

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There has been a spate of news articles over the past week about a supposedly new teen trend called “sexting” — basically kids taking nude photos and sending them to each other’s cell phones and computers. The articles follow a Today Show interview with the mother of a girl who committed suicide last July after her photos started getting spread around. Most of the articles out there are of the “how do we protect our children from themselves” variety, but there is also a legal consideration. A lot of this activity could count as child porn, and could result in criminal prosecution.

Jesse Logan was a high school student in the Cincinnati area. Like plenty of teenage girls before her, she gave her boyfriend some nude photos. Unlike the Polaroids of previous generations, she sent them electronically, either by cell phone or by email.

Also unlike physical Polaroids, making copies of these photos would be free and easy. A potentially unlimited number could be sent off to others, just as she had sent them to her boyfriend. When they broke up, the ex-boyfriend sent copies to other high school girls. The photos spread around from cell phone to cell phone, and she started getting harassed at school. She became miserable, stopped going to school, and even went on a local TV station to tell her story.

Two months later, one of Jesse’s acquaintances committed suicide. She went to the funeral, then came home and hanged herself.

Hers is only the most tragic case making the news right now. But it happens all the time. There are reports that nearly half of all high school boys these days have seen nude photos of girls in their school. Some of those are spread by the girls’ boyfriends after a breakup, but most seem to have just been disseminated through normal teen chat.

If those ex-girlfriends were under 18 — and most of them probably were at the time, this being high school — then those photos are child porn. Distributing child porn, possessing it, and disseminating it to minors are all crimes that can get those high schoolers in serious trouble.

The consequences could be very severe. The ex-boyfriends and others who spread their photos could be charged with child porn, receive real jail sentences, and spend the rest of their lives as registered sex offenders.

Realistically, a teenage boy with a nude photo of his girlfriend isn’t likely to be charged with child porn. But someone who sends that photo to others, or posts it online, or otherwise spreads it around… that’s a whole ‘nother story.

It doesn’t even have to be intentional. Alan Grieco, a psychologist who treats Florida sex offenders, told Tampa Bay Online about a client who, when a young 20-year-old man, had dated a 17-year-old girl. He had a nude photo of her on his cell phone, which he did not share with anyone else. But after breaking up, his new girlfriend found the photo and sent it to the first girl’s parents. That young man was then charged with child pornography, and is going to spend the rest of his life living with that.

The kids who voluntarily send nude images of themselves aren’t thinking about how easy they will spread, how permanent such things are once they’re in the wide electronic world, and how much of an embarrassment they could be in the years ahead. That’s bad enough. But what’s worse is that the kids who receive, post and pass around these photos could be putting themselves in very hot water indeed.

Will Internet Anonymity Be the Next Federal Crime?

Wednesday, November 19th, 2008

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Jury selection began today in what many are calling a landmark trial in the new field of Internet law. As the first case of its kind, U.S. v. Lori Drew could have a far-reaching impact on the future of anonymity on the web.

Lori Drew faces federal counts of Conspiracy and of Accessing Computers Without Authorization. Drew is charged with creating a false Internet identity on the social networking site MySpace, posing as a teenage boy. Prosecutors say she then used that false identity to befriend a depressed 13-year-old girl, a former friend of Drew’s daughter, and then began to harass the girl with hurtful messages. The girl hanged herself after allegedly receiving the messages, including one telling her that “the world would be a better place without you.”

Although Drew is not charged with the girl’s death, U.S. District Judge George Wu ruled last Friday that evidence of the girl’s suicide could be introduced by prosecutors. He stated that any prejudice would not be unfair, because the fact that the girl committed suicide is common knowledge, and jurors would be instructed that Drew is not charged with causing the suicide. Although the events took place in Missouri, the trial is being held in Los Angeles, where the MySpace servers are located.

The case is being closely watched, as Drew is being prosecuted under a law normally used to target computer hackers, and expanding the reach of the law could create criminal liability for many.

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act prohibits accessing protected computers without authorization. The prosecution seeks to expand the scope of this prohibition, to include violating the terms of service of a website that prohibits people from misrepresenting their identity through false accounts.

Using a false name to register with a website is commonplace. Anonymity is sought for a variety of reasons, most of them socially acceptable. Reasons range from fears of identity theft, protection from predators, avoiding spammers and scammers, and other justifiable concerns in this high-tech age. There are malicious reasons, too, such as concealing the identity of individuals committing crimes online.

The jurors being selected today will be asked to determine whether violating MySpace terms of service, by registering a false user profile, is a federal crime. They may well do so, especially now that they will hear that this particular false profile was allegedly used to harass a young girl to the point where she committed suicide.

Feel free to comment to this post anonymously or under a false name. It does not violate The Criminal Lawyer’s terms of service.

Treasury & Fed Rules Outlaw Internet Gambling

Thursday, November 13th, 2008

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Yesterday, the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury promulgated new rules that prohibit the processing of payments related to Internet gambling. By forbidding financial institutions from processing the payments, the government has essentially outlawed online gambling.

What constitutes “online gambling” is left up to state law. A few kinds of betting are still allowed, including government lotteries, horse racing and fantasy sport leagues. College and pro sports books, however, are no longer allowed. The same goes for online poker, roulette, craps, slots and other casino-type gaming.

Internet gambling is believed by many in law enforcement to be important to organized crime. It is a profitable source of revenue in its own right, and is difficult to police. “Street level” bookmakers are also believed to use online sports gambling to facilitate their activities, and to hedge or shift the risks of the street wagers they accept.

The new rule has been opposed by Democratic lawmakers and gambling businesses, as well as by financial institutions that would bear the burden of implementing the rule.